Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

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Ordung des SFB TRR 102
Ordnung SFB TRR 102.pdf (43,8 KB)  vom 14.05.2012


MLU Halle-Wittenberg
Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät II
Institut für Physik

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Von-Danckelmann-Platz 4
Raum 2.09
06120 Halle

MLU Halle-Wittenberg
Nat.Fak. II Institut für Physik
Geschäftsstelle SFB/TRR 102
06099 Halle

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SFB-Transregio 102

Polymere unter Zwangsbedingungen: eingeschränkte und kontrollierte molekulare Ordnung und Beweglichkeit

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Der SFB Transregio 102 ist ein langfristiges Grundlagen-Forschungsprojekt, das von der als Sprecherhochschule fungierenden Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg gemeinsam mit der Universität Leipzig beantragt wurde und durchgeführt wird.

Der SFB-TRR 102 wird von der DFG gefördert.

1. Förderperiode: 01.07.2011 - 30.06.2015

2. Förderperiode: 01.07.2015 - 30.06.2019

3. Förderperiode: 01.07.2019 - 30.06.2023

Aktuelle Highlights aus der Forschung

Multisegmented hybrid-polymer based on oligo-amino acids: synthesis and secondary structure in solution and the solid state

Multisegmented Hybrid Polymer Based on Oligo-Amino Acids (Reprinted with permission from J. Freudenberg et al., Macromolecules (2019). Copyright 2019 American Chemical Society.

Multisegmented Hybrid Polymer Based on Oligo-Amino Acids (Reprinted with permission from J. Freudenberg et al., Macromolecules (2019). Copyright 2019 American Chemical Society.

Proteins are among the most abundant macromolecules in nature, often forming complex architectures by folding (alpha-helices/beta-sheets) and/or aggregation into fibrillary assemblies. Refolding between different segments during assembly is often poorly understood, also guided by cooperative assembly phenomena. We here present a study on multisegmented hybrid-polymers to understand folding and assembly. Precisely engineered oligo-amino acids are repetitively imbedded into a non-interacting alkyl-chain, allowing to study conformational changes upon and during assembly in both, the solid state and in solution. The here reported observations prove that beta-sheets are thermodynamically favored, however strongly dependent on the nature of the amino-acid along the chain.

See also

Crystallization in melts of short, semiflexible hard polymer chains: An interplay of entropies and dimensions.

What is the driving force for the crystallization of a melt of semiflexible polymers? This fundamental question has been addressed in project A07. Different from the case of crystallization of small molecules, which can be reduced in a most rudimentary model to the translational ordering of hard spheres, polymer crystallization always combines translational and orientational (conformational) ordering. Stochastic approximation Monte-Carlo simulations that give complete thermodynamic information were used to study an ensemble of short chains, for which kinetics do not yet play a role. The authors were able to show that in fact the orientational interaction sets the thermodynamic driving force whereas translational ordering follows downstream.

Phenomenological Theory of First-Order Prefreezing.

The microscopic ordering process that a liquid undergoes during crystallization is often initiated at an interface to a solid. Different processes have been suggested by theory to occur at this interface. A particularly interesting process is prefreezing—the formation of a thin crystalline layer at the interface already at temperatures above the melting temperature. A direct experimental observation of this process was only recently achieved. We here now present a phenomenological theory of prefreezing and analyze the thermodynamic properties of the prefrozen crystalline layer. Specifically our theory describes the first order nature of the transition and allows a quantitative analysis of previously obtained experimental data for poly(ε-caprolactone) crystallized on graphite via prefreezing. The validity of our results is not restricted to polymer systems but contributes to our general understanding of crystallization.

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